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WW1 2nd Battalion Machine Gun Corps (MGC) Bronze Medal Medallion

WW1 2nd Battalion Machine Gun Corps (MGC) Bronze Medal Medallion

A quite large bronze medallion at circa 4cm in diameter with its original suspension ring. Obverse the badge of the MGC with motifs of the nations of the UK below, a rose, shamrocks and thistles, which suggests this relates to the British unit as opposed to its Canadian or Australian counterparts. Blank reverse and rim. In very good condition and scarce. Circa 1916 - 1922.

Comm StWi (66)

Code: 63181

115.00 GBP


WW2 Medal Group Trio to Sapper J Taylor, Royal Engineers (RE) Wounded Dunkirk 1940

WW2 Medal Group Trio to Sapper J Taylor, Royal Engineers (RE) Wounded Dunkirk 1940

A good group of three medals, the 1939/45 star, Defence and 1939/45 War medal all awarded to 1871210 Sapper J Taylor of the 7th Field Coy (the shiny 7th) Royal Engineers. It comes with the original named and addressed box of issue (Huddersfield, Yorkshire address), medal issue slip and a photograph of Taylor in uniform. The medal issue slip confirms Taylors service number and forces war records can confirm that Taylor was wounded in action in France in June 1940.

Taylor embarked for France on the HMT Royal Sovereign and on their arrival in France they were kept very busy and continually on the move; on 27th of May they were ordered with 59th & 7th Field Coys of 4th Division to act as Infantry Regiments, and hold a defensive position on the River Lys which the Germans were approaching, having broken through an Infantry unit. 225th had to defend Comines and on their right 59th Coy had to defend Warneton and the 7th Coy held the bridge over the river approaching Warneton. These positions were held until the Engineers were relieved by the Infantry of the 12th Brigade later in the day.
By 28th May rumours were spreading of a total withdraw and they would shortly be going home, The 7th and 59th Field Companies arrived at Nieuport near the coast and were kept very busy preparing other bridges for demolition to hold up the German advance.
They were then ordered with the 225th and 59th Field Companies to La Panne on the coast, 8 miles from Dunkirk.
The BEF were slowly withdrawing to an area on the coast between Calais and Nieuport and plans had been made to evacuate troops in ships from Dunkirk. The 7th were ordered to Dunkirk to help in the evacuation.
As the military situation deteriorated thousands of soldiers were on the beaches exposed to dive bombing and shelling. A decision was made to evacuate troops from the beaches but the larger boats could not get close enough to pick up the troops because of the danger of running aground. To overcome this all types of vehicles were driven on to the beaches at La Panne and placed nose to tail in the sea. All Royal Engineers Units were given the job of making improvised piers by bridging across the top of the vehicles using materials used in bridge building, in this way men could walk out to sea and board the ships and boats at the end of the piers.
There was still not enough small boats to carry troops out to the larger ships some way off shore. Part of the Engineers equipment were small folding boats used in bridging and these were put into use to ferry troops. These boats folded flat and to be made operational each side was pulled into a vertical position and secured by a stanchion which was telescopic and secured at one end to the base of the boat and to the side at the other end thus giving rigidity and stability, it was rowed by 4 men from a standing position and great care was needed to control them. Many of the sappers crewed these boats and others by infantrymen. They were never meant to be used except in river conditions and unfortunately many soldiers were drowned due to the boats capsizing.
The official records would have it that Sapper Taylor was wounded on 18th June 1940, but this was probably when he was processed on arrival at a casualty station in England.

The medals are now in plastic wallets and in very good condition, unnamed as issued and come with what little research on him and the activities of man and the 7th Field Coy in the defence and evacuation of Dunkirk. The engineers played an important part in the evacuation and I’m sure Sapper Taylor was well in the thick of it.

G186

Code: 63037

110.00 GBP


WW1 Pair to East African Mechanical Transport Corps,  Army Service Corps - Philip J. Coldham

WW1 Pair to East African Mechanical Transport Corps, Army Service Corps - Philip J. Coldham

A British War Medal and Victory Medal Pair with original ribbons and both correctly impressed to:

2299 Dvr P.J. Coldham E. Afr. M.T.C.

In GVF condition, a few light contact marks to BWM from the VM and the BWM dark toned. BWM ribbon a bit grubby and cut shorter than the VM ribbon. To be supplied with a copy of his medal index card which confirms his medal entitlement and these details. You can also view this here:

https://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/D1870196

The corps only came into being from 1916 when the campaign in East Africa was re-invigorated with the sending of South African troops.

During WW1 in the East African campaign, the British used the earliest cars and trucks to good advantage whenever possible. Ford light cars, capable of carrying 300 pounds of cargo, had an immense advantage over porters as they required only a driver and were capable of much greater effort. The cars did require petrol, were subject to breakdown on the very difficult tracks, and the drivers were as vulnerable to disease and fatigue as the porters. Furthermore, in the rainy season the vehicles were incapable of negotiating the flooded swamps or the surrounding mud and in the dry season the collapse of the roads into fine dust caused considerable difficulties. However, the sheer efficiency of mechanical versus human transport soon made the motor vehicle an essential part of the British supply system; it has been estimated that one lorry was the equivalent of 30 porters. The limits on their use were the speed at which usable tracks could be cut, the provision of sufficient vehicles and drivers, and keeping the system working under the baleful influence of the climate and pestilence. In the final analysis, the motor vehicle was a significant factor in keeping the British advance going, particularly when the supply of porters withered in late 1917. By contrast, apart from the two railways, the Germans began the war in East Africa with only three motor vehicles. By September 1916, all of these mechanical means had been lost and they were almost completely reliant on porters.

As with the other areas of administration, there is considerable evidence that the British did not make best use of the available resources. From the onset of the advance in early 1916, out of six MT companies provided to the East African Expeditionary Force, one was allocated to a naval kite balloon section, four were attached to the artillery and only one was actually under the control of the Director of Supply and Transport. The problem of ever-expanding lines of communications also impacted heavily on the EA MTC, as divisional or column, it was not until Hoskins assumed command that a thorough reorganisation of the MT was undertaken. Recognising the inflexibility of the system, all vehicles were gradually placed under central control and allocated according to the size of the column to be supported. By August 1917, there was a single MT unit that supplied all aspects of the East African force and it was to be the mainstay of the organisation for the remainder of the war.

Source for the above: http://theses.gla.ac.uk/5195/1/2001AndersonPhD.pdf accessed 4th March 2020

The following gives a sense of the hardships endured by the members of this corps:

https://gweaa.com/home/medical-project/medical-archive/ includes a report by a Dr Pike (The Pike Report) into conditions in British and German East Africa. The extract below is from his report in relation to the drivers of the East African MTC:

"No body of white troops has suffered more, from the hardships of the campaign, than the Motor Transport drivers. These men have nearly always had to be overworked owing to the pressing needs of the force they served, the sickness amongst themselves, and the shortage of reinforcements. They are often on the road by daybreak, and are fortunate if their labours terminate at sunset. They have to drive over roads which are never good, and are often dangerous. They are exposed to the heat by day, and have often to sleep on the road in their cars, a frequent cause of chills. They may not be able to use their nets, and so get malaria at the same time. In certain areas they are constantly bitten by tsetse flies. They get their food where and when they can, and too often drink any water which may be available although warned not to do so.
These things being so, the absolute necessity of doing everything possible to improve the conditions under which these men have to work, and to preserve their health should have been apparent at an early date.
We saw them and travelled with them in the third year of the campaign, and we can only say that we found an absence of any proper system for dealing with the problem.
No attempts had as a general rule been made to provide tents or bandas for messes in these men’s camps, they had no facilities for ablution beyond their individual basins, towels, and soap. Nowhere did we find arrangements whereby they could wash their dirty clothes in a cleanly and agreeable fashion. Their sanitation was as a rule neglected, the latrines uncomfortable, and the receptacles uncovered. When on their return journeys they carried sick, they could usually manage to get hot food or hot drink at the wayside halts. At other times they had to go without, unless they had time to cook or to make tea themselves.
We do not wish to underrate the difficulties of the situation, but we are of opinion that many of these difficulties might have been obviated, and if the matter had been taken in had from the first a great deal would have been done to safeguard this important branch of the service, provided always that there was adequate supervision and that discipline was enforced."

There follows a letter sent by Dr Pike to the Deputy-Adjutant and Quartermaster-General in November 1917, after his inspection, pointing out what was considered essential to lessen the high sick rate of this class. See:

https://gweaa.com/home/medical-project/the-pike-report-on-german-east-africa/#Section7

D73.1

Sold to WS

Code: 61104

SOLD


WW1 British War Medal ( BWM ) to Royal Fusiliers Public Schools Battalions Casualty - Frank Bell

WW1 British War Medal ( BWM ) to Royal Fusiliers Public Schools Battalions Casualty - Frank Bell

BWM in NEF condition, dark toned, replacement ribbon, correctly impressed to:

PS - 7929 Pte. F. Bell. R. Fus"

Comes with copy of CWGC details and WW1 MIC entry.

Reserved for WS

He was also entitled to a Victory Medal and Memorial Plaque.

The prefix "PS" was used for the Public School Battalions of the Royal Fusiliers ( 18th, 19th, 20th and 21st ) but he died serving with the 7th Battalion Royal Fusiliers.

Died on the February 1917, commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial. Son of Mrs Christian Bell, of 24, Priory Road, Whitely Bay, Northumberland. I have checked Durham School and RGS Newcastle registers, he was not a pupil at either of these public schools. Any information welcome and worthy of further research.

Comm FB

Sold to WS

Code: 62330

SOLD


Anglo-Boer / Anglo-Boere Oorlog Medal 1899 - 1902, to a Boer Burger, third pattern of issue

Anglo-Boer / Anglo-Boere Oorlog Medal 1899 - 1902, to a Boer Burger, third pattern of issue

This is the third pattern of this medal (as issued from February 1942 - to date) with correct ribbon, which is correctly impressed to:

Burger J.A. Van Der Linde

There are three men listed on the roll with this rank and name.

The Medal disc is VF condition, but as been fitted with a with second pattern suspender, probably as a later replacement, as it is a bit slack and there are marks on one side which suggest the previous suspender has been removed. Condition reflected in the price. Still a scarce medal to the irregular Dutch farmers who gave the British Empire a good run for its money!

Coll.

Sold to WS

Code: 59073

SOLD


WW1 Victory Medal - to Indian Army Sepoy 1st Battalion 102nd Prince of Wales's Own Grenadiers

WW1 Victory Medal - to Indian Army Sepoy 1st Battalion 102nd Prince of Wales's Own Grenadiers

Naming is correctly impressed but is very feint/rubbed and some stains to obverse. It looks like 4 Sepoy Gula A Ram. Amry number hard to read, but unit much clearer. Ring slightly mishapened also. An original length of silk ribbon. Fine +.

World War I began with the regiment being stationed at Muscat, Oman and served in the Mesopotamia Campaign with the 14th Indian Division taking part in the Second Battle of Kut and the Fall of Baghdad (1917). A second battalion was raised in 1917. that served in the Sinai and Palestine Campaign.

After World War I the Indian government reformed the army moving from single battalion regiments to multi battalion regiments. In 1922, the 102nd Prince of Wales's Own Grenadiers became the 2nd Battalion, 4th Bombay Grenadiers. After independence they were one of the regiments allocated to the Indian Army.

Coll.

Sold to WS

Code: 60610

SOLD


WW1 British War Medal to Mercantile Marine - Thomas Watson

WW1 British War Medal to Mercantile Marine - Thomas Watson

BWM correctly impressed to " Thomas Watson " , naming format as found to members of the Merchant Navy for six months plus service at sea during WW1 . 12 possible candidates listed in BT351. Good chance therefore of matching this medal up with one of the 12 Mercantile Marine medals similarly named.

Medal has a short length of original ribbon stapled to it, and is in near GVF condition, there is a small nick to base of neck of King George V's head.

Sold to WS

Code: 57113

SOLD


1897 Army Temperance Medal India Silver 'One Year' Issue

1897 Army Temperance Medal India Silver 'One Year' Issue

This is the one year abstinence medal in unmarked silver, the obverse with some polishing to the highpoints and slight contact marks. Some tarnish marks to the reverse.

By 1896, of the 70,000 soldiers in India, some 22,800 were members of the Army Temperance Association India (ATAI).

Code: 54860

8.00 GBP


Territorial Force Efficiency Medal ( 1908 - 1921 ) Ribbon with Silver Rose indicating entitlement to a bar

Territorial Force Efficiency Medal ( 1908 - 1921 ) Ribbon with Silver Rose indicating entitlement to a bar

Removed from uniform, with rose sewn to it indicating a total of 24 years service.

Code: 54817

8.00 GBP


Original Full Size Khedive's Star dated 1882  - Egyptian War

Original Full Size Khedive's Star dated 1882 - Egyptian War

With correct 37mm (replacement) ribbon and original suspension clasp. Bronze has a light patina from wear or polishing, but detail still sharp. Some minor edge bruising to a few star tips visible from the reverse only.

Made by Jenkins of Birmingham, issued unnamed and conferred by Khedive Tewfik of Egypt on those British soldiers and sailors who qualified for the Egypt Medal.

Code: 54816

98.00 GBP